The internal consistencies of the two other factors were greater than the ones found in other measures of burnout.
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O burnout tem sido alvo de interesse para pesquisadores e profissionais de diversas disciplinas. Vinte dos participantes foram identificados como casos extremos multivariados de acordo com o procedimento sugerido por Tabachnick e Fidell No entanto, novos estudos devem ser desenvolvidos para elucidar esse aspecto. In search of the "third dimension" of burnout: efficacy or inefficacy? Applied Psychology: an International Review, 56 3 , Brill, P.
The need for an operational definition of burnout. Family and Community Health, 6 , Byrne, B.
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Burnout: testing for the validity, replication and invariance of causal structure across elementary, intermediate and secondary teachers. American Educational Research Journal, 31 3 , The Maslach Burnout Inventory: testing for factorial validity and invariance across elementary, intermediate and secondary teachers.
Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 66 , Carlotto, M. Psicologia em Estudo, 9 3 , Cordes, C. A review and integration and research on job burnout. Academy of Management Review, 18 , Cox, T. The conceptualization and measurement of burnout: Questions and directions. Craig, G. Human development. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.
Edelwich, J. Burn-out: stages of disillusionment in the helping professions. New York: Human Sciences Press. Enzmann, D. Dimensionality and validity of the Burnout Measure. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 71 , Etzion, D.
Moderating effect of social support on the stress-burnout relationship. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69 4 , Sex and culture in burnout and coping among human service professionals: a social psychological perspective. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 17 2 , Garden, A. Burnout: the effect of psychological type on research findings. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 62 , Relation between burnout and performance.
Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 20 2 , Shiron, A. A comparison of the construct validity of two burnout measures in two groups of professionals. How experienced psychotherapist cope with burnout at a state mental hospital. Dissertation prospectus, South Illinois University, Carbondale. Tabachinick, B. Using Multivariate Statistics. Tamayo, M. Anais p. Neither has it been considered appropriate to create any new item or modify the meaning of any of them.
During the pilot study and during the validation process, we have not found any problem with the questions; none of them were misleading or difficult to understand.
None of the patients has required any further explanation to fill in the overall questionnaire. To sum up, the results of the present study show that the Spanish adapted FDI is reliable and valid instrument both for research and for application in daily clinical practice. Future work in this field should focus on the application of this instrument to analyze the different facial neuromuscular disorders and to optimize the management, treatment and rehabilitation of facial paresis or paralysis in the long term. The authors wish to thank to Rocio Valdes-Gallardo and Victoria Prats-Golczer for their cooperation with the collection of data and especially to Jessi VanSwearingen University of Pittsburgh for her valuable help in the review of the present paper.
National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.
Corresponding author. Manuel Siurot. Received Nov 6; Accepted Feb 7. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract Objectives: To adapt to Spanish the facial disability index FDI described by VanSwearingen and Brach in and to assess its reliability and validity in patients with facial nerve paresis after parotidectomy. Introduction Facial nerve paralysis is the main complication of surgical treatment of parotid gland tumors.
Material and Methods In a preliminary stage we performed a literature search of the 10 years previous to the onset of our study in order to establish a translation protocol consistent with the latest reports published on this subject. Open in a separate window. Figure 1. Results From January through December we carried out a prospective study of the data corresponding to 79 patients who had undergone conservative superficial parotidectomy with preservation of the facial nerve for pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland superficial lobe and met the inclusion criteria.
Figure 2. Table 2 Analysis of the main components of the FDI using rotated component matrix factor extraction method with analysis of main components and Kaiser Varimax rotation. Table 4 Variance percentage expressed for each one of the FDI components. Discussion The results of the present study suggest that the Spanish adapted FDI is equivalent to the original questionnaire and shows similar reliability and validity as well as similar limitations.
Acknowledgments The authors wish to thank to Rocio Valdes-Gallardo and Victoria Prats-Golczer for their cooperation with the collection of data and especially to Jessi VanSwearingen University of Pittsburgh for her valuable help in the review of the present paper. References 1.
Parotid gland surgery: a retrospective review of cases. J Laryngol Otol.
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Benign and malignant neoplasms of the parotid gland: incidence and histology in the Danish county of Funen. Facial nerve function after parotidectomy. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Evaluation of consecutive parotidectomies performed for benign and malignant disease. Spain Villas Hotels. Catalonia Villas Hotels. L'Escala Villas Hotels.
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